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Kidney Treatment & Monitoring

Dialysis is a treatment to remove toxins from the blood when the kidneys have failed because of damage. Approximately 10,000 people in Ontario are receiving dialysis as a renal replacement therapy.

There are two main types of dialysis:

  • Hemodialysis (HD) – A patient’s blood is filtered through a machine to remove waste and toxins, and the cleaned blood is returned into the patient’s bloodstream. The blood flows through a flexible tube (catheter) inserted in a major vein, usually in the patient’s arm.
  • Peritoneal Dialysis (PD) – Fluid flows into the peritoneal cavity, is left there for a while to absorb toxins, and is then drained out through the tube and discarded.