Kidney Treatment & Monitoring
Dialysis is a treatment to remove toxins from the blood when the kidneys have failed because of damage. Approximately 10,000 people in Ontario are receiving dialysis as a renal replacement therapy.
There are two main types of dialysis:
- Hemodialysis (HD) – A patient’s blood is filtered through a machine to remove waste and toxins, and the cleaned blood is returned into the patient’s bloodstream. The blood flows through a flexible tube (catheter) inserted in a major vein, usually in the patient’s arm.
- Peritoneal Dialysis (PD) – Fluid flows into the peritoneal cavity, is left there for a while to absorb toxins, and is then drained out through the tube and discarded.